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Uzbekistan geography

Tashkent

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Khiva

Aral sea

Ferghana valley

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Uzbekistan: general information, facts, geography

National emblem and flag of UzbekistanOfficial name: Republic of Uzbekistan
Area: 447 400 sq km
Population: 27 million people
Ethnic Mix: 80% Uzbek, 8% Russian, 5% Tajik, 2% Kazak, 2% Tatar
Capital: Tashkent
Populatoin of Tashkent: 3.1 million people
Launguage: Official - Uzbek, widely spoken - Russian
Religion: Islam (90%), Christianity (5%), others. More information about religions in Uzbekistan is here
Currency: Uzbek sum. More information about money in Uzbekistan is here (official information and legacies of changing to other currencies) and here (prices in Uzbekistan)

Location of Uzbekistan: Central Asia
Borders of Central Asia:
West: Caspian sea (Caucasus)
East: Hindu Kush (China)
South:
Pamir Mountains (Afghanistan)
North:
Siberia (Russia)

At a glance
Vast arena of desert, steppe and mountain ranges
Main crossroad of the Silk Road
Bridge between Europe and Asia
Until the 1990s was almost inaccessible for tourism because of isolation of the Soviet Union

Main regions of Uzbekistan
Tashkent: capital of Uzbekistan. Main cultural center
Fergana Valley: the quiet charm of orchards, canals and villages
Samarkand: a city resonant of the Silk Road, with fine monuments
Bukhara: the bazars and ancient monuments of Central Asia’s holiest city
Khiva: dramatic history, pius mosques, tombs, palases and medressas
Aral Sea: fleeing its shores, no longer exists, is not a local problem, has no solution.

Economy
Cotton: occupies fifth place in the world in production of cotton-fiber
Aircraft building corporation: one of the largest of the CIS. The plant produces different types of aircraft and a new passenger aircraft “IL-114"
95 types of mineral resources, 700 deposits of whole Mendeleyev table
370 mines, more than 200 m. tones of minerals a year
Significant energy resources: oil, gas, coal. Of the whole Central Asian region, Uzbekistan has 74% of all condensed gas, 31% of all oil, 40% of all natural gas and 55% of all coal deposits
High concentration of hydro energetic resources
Gold and rare metal deposits: high carat gold, silver, uranium and others

The open door policy of the Uzbekistan government pursued in favor of foreign investments facilitated foreign trade and attraction of foreign capital in the local economy

Tourism potential:
worldwide known pearls of the Silk Road as Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, as well as Tashkent and other ancient cities of Uzbekistan.

Tourism for developing countries it is one of the biggest income generators, an important export, as well as the world's largest employer

Rich cultural and historical heritage, ancient traditions in culture and arts = cultural, religious, archeological and ethnographical tourists.
Islam, Christianity and Buddhism = pilgrim/religious tourism
Independence = international tourism arrivals started increasing, up to 25% per annum

Many experts believe that currently the tourism sector has a limited impact on the national economy of Uzbekistan, and its potential is not used to its full extent.

Availability of a large number of magnificent natural objects (lakes, mountain tops, river meadows, steppes and desert landscapes) can help develop ecological and adventure tourism in the country.

Uzbekistan has become a less attractive destination for international tourists due to problems related to:

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