The first information about Tashkent, at different times known as Shash, Chach, Tashkura dates back to the 2nd c. BC. Tashkent had a favorable location at The Great Silk Road.In the 1st - 3rd c. BC this place was covered by the war–camp of Chach.
Conquered by Kabguy (Khoresm) in 1st c. BC the city was razed.
In the 7th c. BC - Shash was included into the Arabic Halifax and the capital of Chach was burnt to aches.
In the 8th c. BC - Chach joined Ilaque renowned for its biggest gold and silver mines. Its epic name is “the turquoise mine”.
In the 9th c. BC - the biggest mint was located on the territory of Ilaque.
In the 10th – 11th cc. - Tashkent became the leading producer of Turkistan fabrics.
In the 11th c. - the second name of Tashkent (Shashkent) Binkent appeared.
The 13th cc. – in the 1220 Chach was transferred to the possession of Genghis khan’s Mongols. Be the end of the 13th c. the city grew to be the biggest one on the Silk Road.
In the 14 c. - at Timur’s epoch the city was renamed to Shakhrukhia in the honor of Timur’s son.
At the Threshold of the 15th c. the city was included into Ulughbeg’s possession.
In the 15th – 16th cc. Buildings typical for Temurids’s epoch appeared the city architecture.
At the beginning of 16th c. Tashkent was a part of Sheibanids’ state.
In the second half of the 16th c. Tashkent was included into Bukhara khanate.
In the 16th c. Tashkent architecture was completed by building medressahs and mausoleums while Maverannakhr is involved in the war of dynasties.
In the 18th c. concentration is made on the city fortification.
In the 19th c. Tashkent was conquered by the Kokand ruler Alimkhan.
At the end of 19th c. the Turkistan region was conquered by tsarist Russia.
1881-1886 the building of the first railway line – Orenburgh – Tashkent. Tashkent again became the crossing place of trade roads directed to the North, South, East and West.
Architecturally Tashkent unlike other capital cities was not lined with buildings of Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva style.
The TV tower
The TV tower can be visited and the view from the rotating restaurant over the entire city provides a unique opportunity to understand the capital’s layout. On a clear day, the Western Tien Shan Mountains provide a stunning backdoor.
The parliament Oliy Majlis & Medressa Abdulqosim
The parliament building is a sample of new Central Asian architecture and the only building in its vicinity is the Madrassah, which today accommodates the masters of Hunarmand Art association. Miniatures, woodcarving, metal works and other crafts are produced and sold on premises and folk dance ensembles entertain the visitors upon advance request.
The Orthodox Churches
There are a number of Orthodox Churches scattered over the city and the main Catholic Church holds a mass every Sunday with special services on religious holidays.
Famous landmarks are the InterContinental Hotel, the building of National Bank of Uzbekistan, the prestigious Business Center complete with cafe and catering service and Tashkent Plaza, the exclusive shopping mall.
A favorite among recreational are as for young and old, just behind the InterContinental hotel and the Japanese Garden.
Right by Amir Temur square stands tall the clock tower. On its street level you can walk into the gallery and boutique Kuranti run by the Ustozoda masters association, and get an excellent overview over the best in Arts and Crafts found in Uzbekistan today.
The Navoi Opera and Ballet Theatre
A night in the opera can be easily arranged. Tashkent has its own ballet company and the repertoire of the musical ensemble comprises famous European as well as Russian operas and operettas. The audience does still dress up and the ticket price allows everybody to enjoy a performance.
Amir Timur Museum
Another sample of New Central Asian architecture, the crown of Amir Temur served as a model for this building, which fittingly gives an overview over the historical Temurid period and beyond.
Museum of history
Recently renovated and Uzbekistan’s major museum, displaying on three floors artifacts, archaeological finds, documents, textiles and much more from pre-history to the beginning of last century. A good introduction to the country of last century. A good introduction to the country or a summary before you fly out again.
Amir Timur Square
Trees, as you will discover, shady trees, play a major role in the life of Tashkent citizens. As of the first warm days of spring, life shifts outdoors. Under the green-leafed branches surrounding the statue of Timur on his heavenly horse, children are at a play, elderly gentlemen are bent over their chess boards, lovers are in deep conversation and little ladies sell sunflowers seeds and ice-cream.
The Museum of Applied Arts
The delightful Museum of Applied Arts should not be missed in any case. Formerly the residence of Alexander Polovtsev, the czar’s envoy, who incorporated the finest works of traditional Arts & Crafts, both antique and contemporary. The Museum shop makes available high quality handmade embroidery and carpets.
Tashkent has its very own and it’s just as in NYC. Shashlik, popcorn and ice-cream vendors line this pedestrian area, bordering the Zeravshan entertainment complex, paintings and souvenirs towards the Amir Temur Square and the sound of Karaoke prevails.
Metro stations in Tashkent are artworks in their own right. Splendidly decorated absolutely spotless, and a cool place to escape to from the summer heat.
Hotels in Tashkent